When choosing a professional figure in the field of psychology, it is important to examine the psychological currents currently used, in order to see which of these is best suited to the problem to be treated.
The patient’s improvement will begin to occur when he makes positive changes in his way of thinking or acting. Be aware that, if you want to solve problems and uneasy situations, you need to change something that hurts you, that is, something in your way of thinking or behavior.
Below we will describe the most popular psychological currents, although there are also more complete professionals who alternate various currents according to the patient’s needs. Some can also be combined, there is no universal formula: each person represents a world and what is good for one is not good for the other.
Most widespread psychological currents
It focuses mainly on the past : the patient is analyzed in search of the psychic conflict that produces the malaise in order to bring to consciousness what is unconscious, to understand and make order in his own inner world. It is suitable for those who feel bad and do not know the reason well or perhaps are aware of it, but no matter how good the advice they receive is, they are unable to solve their problem.
We investigate the patient’s life to find the real root of the problem. The professional speaks little as he has to examine the information he receives: he will help the person to realize the triggering reason for his pain, giving him the tools to make the change necessary for the elimination of his pains.
It is based on the problem and not on its origins, thus resulting in a therapy suitable for the treatment of concrete and already diagnosed issues. It is a short-term therapy, in which the practitioner leads the conversation at all times and teaches you to think realistically.
It is suitable when the main problem is the lack of education. The professional must be very influential and sincere with the patient, in order to show him that he must change his behavior if he wants his problems to disappear: he will have to replace harmful habits and thoughts with more constructive ones. It’s like a kind of behavioral re-education.
With this current we try to bring out the best part that each person carries inside, in order to restore inner calm. The professional conveys empathy, sensitivity, respect and approval in a relationship between peers. This is not an authority conducting the session; rather, he trusts in the patient’s abilities, guiding him so that he can find the answers to his own malaise on his own.
It tries to bring the person to connect with his whole inner being, forming an independent and fulfilled personality. This therapy has been the subject of criticism because it is based more on intuition than on the scientific method, although on numerous occasions it has been shown that in a scientific method it is not essential to solve people’s ills.
It focuses on the perception of the “here and now”, promotes action, creativity and unconditional acceptance. The emotional component and non-verbal language play a leading role. The patient is taught to focus on his emotions and to be aware of how he thinks or feels before acting.
It helps to know oneself from an emotional, intellectual and bodily point of view. It is based on the consciousness of the present moment: how things are done, what is happening in this moment and how they are perceived and interpreted. This current is aimed at those who want to improve, develop their human potential and personal growth.
Among the currents described, it is the one that focuses most on changing the way of thinking and reasoning. By changing your way of thinking, the same will happen with your emotions. By adopting more rational and objective thoughts, the penalties will be lessened.
Negative experiences cause most psychological distress. With this therapy, you will learn that things don’t always have to be the same; now, in the present, it is possible to change and to this end one can learn to start from scratch, with a new way of thinking and reasoning. It is not suitable for downloading problems and letting off steam, but for concentrating on the present and learning.